artificial

artificial
[[t]ɑ͟ː(r)tɪfɪ̱ʃ(ə)l[/t]]
1) ADJ Artificial objects, materials, or processes do not occur naturally and are created by human beings, for example using science or technology.

...a wholefood diet free from artificial additives, colours and flavours...

The city is dotted with small lakes, natural and artificial...

He did not want his life to be prolonged by artificial means.

Syn:
Ant:
Derived words:
artificially ADV usu ADV with v, also ADV adj

...artificially sweetened lemonade.

...drugs which artificially reduce heart rate.

2) ADJ-GRADED: usu ADJ n An artificial state or situation exists only because someone has created it, and therefore often seems unnatural or unnecessary.

Even in the artificial environment of an office, our body rhythms continue to affect us...

He foresaw an open society without artificial barriers of background, religion or race.

Derived words:
artificiality [[t]ɑ͟ː(r)tɪfɪ̱ʃiælɪti[/t]] N-UNCOUNT oft N of n

...another example of the capriciousness and artificiality of our adversarial system of justice.

artificially ADV-GRADED ADV adj, ADV with v

...state subsidies that have kept retail prices artificially low.

3) ADJ-GRADED (disapproval) If you describe someone or their behaviour as artificial, you disapprove of them because they pretend to have attitudes and feelings which they do not really have.

The voice was patronizing and affected, the accent artificial.

Derived words:
artificiality N-UNCOUNT oft N of n

...the novel's use of homosexuality to suggest the artificiality of all relationships in that nervous city.

4) ADJ-GRADED If you say that food tastes or looks artificial, you do not like it because its taste or appearance does not seem genuine, and seems to be created by added substances.

The meat was chewy and the sauce was glutinous and tasted artificial.

...complaints that their tinned peas were an artificial shade of green.


English dictionary. 2008.

Синонимы:

См. также в других словарях:

  • artificial — (Del lat. artificiālis). 1. adj. Hecho por mano o arte del hombre. 2. No natural, falso. 3. Producido por el ingenio humano. 4. ant. artificioso (ǁ disimulado, cauteloso). ☛ V. agnación artificial, articulación artificial, bálsamo artificial,… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Artificial — is something which is not natural. Its original sense, related to artifact and artifice , refers to a product of human endeavor; a more English but gendered synonym is man made . It is also used to mean false , a substitute for the real thing, as …   Wikipedia

  • artificial — artificial, factitious, synthetic, ersatz mean not brought into being by nature but by human art or effort or by some process of manufacture. They are not often interchangeable because of differences in some of their implications and in their… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Artificial — Ar ti*fi cial, a. [L. artificialis, fr. artificium: cf. F. artificiel. See {Artifice}.] 1. Made or contrived by art; produced or modified by human skill and labor, in opposition to natural; as, artificial heat or light, gems, salts, minerals,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • artificial — adjetivo 1. Que está hecho por la mano del hombre y no por la naturaleza: lago artificial, luz artificial. No me gustan las flores artificiales. castillo* de fuegos artificiales o castillo de fuegos de artificio. fecundación* artificial.… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Artificial — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El Wikcionario tiene una definición para artificial. Artificial es algo que no es natural. Su sentido original, en relación con un artefacto o artificio, se refiere a un producto de la actividad humana; como sinónimo …   Wikipedia Español

  • artificial — ar·ti·fi·cial adj 1 a: made by humans artificial accessions compare natural b: caused or produced by a human and esp. social or political agency an artificial price advantage 2: arising through operation of law …   Law dictionary

  • artificial — ARTIFICIÁL, Ă, artificiali, e, adj. 1. Care imită un produs al naturii, care nu este natural; artificios, contrafăcut. 2. Nesincer, prefăcut, factice. 3. (Adesea adverbial) Care este făcut după criterii subiective, arbitrare. Clasificare… …   Dicționar Român

  • artificial — (adj.) late 14c., in the phrase artificial day part of the day from sunrise to sunset, from O.Fr. artificial, from L. artificialis of or belonging to art, from artificium (see ARTIFICE (Cf. artifice)). Meaning made by man (opposite of natural) is …   Etymology dictionary

  • artificial — [ärt΄ə fish′əl] adj. [ME < OFr < L artificialis < artificium, ARTIFICE] 1. made by human work or art, not by nature; not natural 2. made in imitation of or as a substitute for something natural; simulated [artificial teeth] 3. unnatural… …   English World dictionary

  • artificial — [adj1] fake; imitation bogus, counterfeit, ersatz, fabricated, factitious, faked, false, falsie*, hyped up*, manufactured, mock, phony*, plastic, sham, simulated, specious, spurious, substitute, synthetic, unnatural, unreal; concept 582 Ant.… …   New thesaurus


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